What is a “lewis”?

A “lewis” is a Freemason’s son, who has not yet been initiated into Freemasonry. In stonemasonry, a lewis is an iron cramp that is forced into a cavity of a stone to enable the lifting or lowering of that stone. Although it is not a working tool used in Masonic ritual it can be seen as a symbol of strength, which a son is to his father. Under some Masonic Constitutions “lewises” are granted privileges such as in Scotland where the son of a Master Mason can be initiated at the age of eighteen rather than twenty-one. In England the only privilege extended to a “lewis”, is that he takes precedence if he is one of two candidates at initiation.